Anorexia child is an eating disorder in which the child refuses to eat, and may or may not be accompanied by vomiting after ingesting food, and, in children up to 12 years of age. It can happen in children since the first year of life and tends to be even stronger when the parents insist that the child eat.
When the lack of appetite is not caused by diseases or by poor eating habits created in the family setting, generally, what the child wants is attention and to achieve this by rejecting the food, it tends to repeat this attitude, so as to be able to always call the attention.
Thus, to treat anorexia child it is necessary a joint work of the pediatrician and psychologist, who can identify the cause of the anorexia and thus guide the treatment.
How is it treated
To treat the anorexia of children is carried out psychotherapy and re-education of the eating habits of the child, a process that is slow and requires dedication of the family, because, most of the time, what the child needs is to feel safe and loved.
The use of medications, such as antidepressants, may be necessary when the child has a depression or severe anxiety, and are guided by a child psychiatrist. Hospitalization may be necessary when the lack of food cause impairment of the physical health of the child, such as anemia or difficulty to walk, for example.
The treatment should be done as soon as possible, so that the disease is identified, because, despite being fleeting most of the time, anorexia can worsen and cause other psychological disorders more serious, like obsessive compulsive disorder and severe depression.
However, in most cases, it is possible to notice improvement with the reorganization of the family to improve the habits of power, and, for this, there are some strategies.
How to make the child a better diet
It is oriented to offer the child a healthy and balanced diet, but you should let her eat the amount of food that she wants, is a way to make it more comfortable with the food. So it will be in mind that eating is a pleasure and not an obligation, improving the framework of anorexia.
One should not force the child to eat, nor offer tasty food, but little nutritious, like ice creams, potato chips, biscuits or chocolate after the child refuses a plate of food.
Give attention to the child, such as take it for a walk, tell a story, to walk hand in hand, to cuddle and play with her every day or whenever possible are a few ways to show love to the child so that she understands it and feel good about it.
Causes of anorexia child
Anorexia child itself, in which the child is already concerned with not gaining weight already from a very early age, it is very related to the behavior and example of their parents, friends and television in relation to food, especially when there are already people with anorexia in the family, since it is with them that the child can learn or listen to negative comments as the food is fattening or that the food is bad.
It can also be related to ill-treatment and verbal aggressiveness with the child, or other situations in which she happens to be a concern early with the body.
However, there are other causes of loss of appetite are the most common, and may be associated with problems, such as:
- Growth of the teeth;
- Intake of drugs;
- Poor digestion;
- Afraid of tasting something new.
Another important cause of loss of appetite is the presence of the bad eating habits of the family, in which there is no right time to eat, or when the child got used to eat only treats.
In this case, it is not about anorexia itself, but a syndrome of food-selective, a situation in which the child only eats a few foods, having aversion to others. Learn more about the disorder of the power selective.
In addition, between 12 and 24 months, it is normal for the child to pass to eat less than I ate before, this being a standard framework called anorexia physiological of the second year of life. And to avoid that this board continues for a longer time, it is necessary that the parents let the child eat the amount of food that she wants, in the time that she wants to, not making the meal time a “horror movie”.
Signs that may indicate anorexia in a child
The symptoms of anorexia child can be:
- Refusal of food constant or at certain hours of the day;
- Do prolonged fasts;
- Display a lot of anxiety;
- Present sadness and lack of interest, and may indicate depression;
- Have weakness;
- Find fat, despite being skinny.
In the presence of these symptoms, it is recommended that parents seek consultation with a pediatrician, to be investigated the grounds, and for the due treatment, avoiding that the child will have their development compromised.