The Syndrome of Borderline, also called personality disorder borderline is characterized by sudden changes of mood, fear of being abandoned by friends and impulsive behaviors, like spending money wildly or eat compulsively, for example.
Generally, people with the Syndrome of Borderline have moments in which they are stable, which alternate with psychotic outbreaks, manifesting behaviors uncontrolled. These symptoms begin to manifest themselves in adolescence and become more frequent in early adult life.
Sometimes, this syndrome is confused with diseases such as schizophrenia or bipolar disease, but the duration and intensity of the emotions is different, it is essential to be evaluated by a psychiatrist to know the correct diagnosis and start the appropriate treatment.
Characteristics of the Syndrome of Borderline
The most common characteristics of the people who have the Syndrome of Borderline are:
- Mood changes throughout the day, ranging between moments of euphoria and deep sadness;
- Feelings of anger, despair and panic;
- Irritabilityand anxiety that may cause aggression;
- Difficulty in controlling the emotionscan range from extreme grief to episodes of euphoria;
- Fear of being abandonedby friends and family;
- Instability in relationships, may cause detachment;
- Impulsivityand addiction for the games, spending money out of control, wasteful consumption of food, use of substances and, in some cases, not complying with rules or laws;
- Low self-esteem;
- Insecurity in oneself and others;
- Difficulty in accepting criticism;
- Feeling alone and empty inside.
Holders of this disorder are fear that the the emotions beyond your control, demonstrating a tendency to become irrational in situations of greater stress and creating a large dependency of the other to be able to be stable.
In some more severe cases it may occur self-mutilation and even suicide, due to the enormous ill feeling inside. To know more details about the symptoms: find out if it is a syndrome of borderline.
How is the diagnosis made
The diagnosis of this disorder is done through the description of the behavior reported by the patient and observed by a psychologist or psychiatrist.
In addition, it is important to make examinations physiological, such as blood count, serology, exclusion of other diseases, since its characteristics are similar to other illnesses, such as depression or schizophrenia, for example.
Causes and consequences of the Syndrome of Borderline
The personality disorder borderline can occur due to genetic predisposition, when at least a close relative has this disorder, or the changes in the brain, primarily in the areas of the brain responsible for impulse control and emotions. However, emotional experiences, strong as a child, how to deal with a illness or death, and situations of sexual abuse or neglect can lead to the development of this syndrome.
The Syndrome of Borderline may lead to the loss of family ties and friendship, which leads to loneliness, in addition to financial difficulties and maintain employment. All of these factors associated with mood swings can lead to suicide attempt.
Treatment of the Syndrome of Borderline
The treatment of the Syndrome of Borderline is accomplished with the use of medicines anti-depressants, mood stabilizers and tranquilizers, as indicated by the psychiatrist.
In addition to the treatment with medicines, it is necessary to keep psychological to perform psychotherapy and to help the person to control their negative emotions, know how to face the moments of greatest stress.
Depending on the signs and symptoms presented by the person, the therapist can establish the type of therapy to be employed in the treatment, which may be behavioral dialectical, that is usually used with those people who attempted suicide, cognitive behavioral, family, or psychotherapy for the individual. The therapy can last from months to years, depends on the patient. Learn some techniques that can help: 4 steps to control negative emotions.
This treatment is essential for the patient to keep controlled, but it requires patience and willpower of the individual.