The disorder of schizotypal personality is marked by a reduced capacity for intimate relationships, in which the person feels a great discomfort in relating with others, by presenting social deficits and interpersonal, distorted shapes to process the information, and eccentric behavior.
People with this disorder have a higher risk of suffering from depression, anxiety, problems in relationships with others, problems with alcohol and drugs, schizophrenia, psychotic episodes or even suicide attempts, so the treatment should be done evil to arise the first symptoms.
This disorder appears, generally, in adulthood, and the treatment consists in the realization of sessions of psychotherapy and administration of medicines, which must be prescribed by a psychiatrist.
What are the symptoms
According to the DSM, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the characteristic symptoms that can occur in a person with personality disorder schizotypal are:
- Ideas of reference, which describe phenomena in which the person experiences coincidences and believe that these have a strong personal meaning;
- Beliefs in bizarre or magical thinking, influencing behavior, and that are not in accordance with the standards of the subculture of the individual;
- Experiences perceptual unusual, including delusions somatic, which are characterized by false beliefs that a body part is diseased or malfunctioning;
- Thinking and speech, bizarre;
- Distrust in relation to the other or ideation paranoide;
- Affection inappropriate and contained;
- Appearance or behavior strange, peculiar, or eccentric;
- Lack of close friends or confidants, not to be close family members;
- Excessive social anxiety that does not diminish with familiarity and tends to be associated with fears paranoides, rather than negative judgments about yourself.
No one knows for sure what is at the origin of the disorder, schizotypal personality, but it is thought that it may be related to hereditary factors and environmental, being that the experiences of childhood can have a great influence on the personality of the person.
In addition, the risk of developing this personality disorder is higher in people who have relatives with schizophrenia or other personality disorders.
How is it treated
Generally, the treatment of the disorder, schizotypal personality consists in the realization of sessions of psychotherapy and administration of medicines, such as antipsychotics, mood stabilizers, antidepressants or anti-anxiety medications.