Systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disease, caused by the production of antibodies against the body itself. This self-aggression causes lesions in different tissues of the human body, whose gravity depends on the organ attacked. This genetic defect is due to a set of genes, and how the inheritance be half of each of the parents, she does not pass in its integrity to the children. Even so, the descendants of the patients with lupus may have some clinical signs of the disease, or display other type of autoimmune disease.
Occurs mainly in women, being more frequent at puberty, when there is a change in hormone levels. It is not a contagious disease, infectious or malignant, and is characterized by periods of crisis, which can last for weeks, months, or years, interspersed by periods without any symptoms. Some people never develop severe complications.
Discoid lupus erythematosus
Discoid lupus erythematosus, also called cutaneous lupus erythematosus is a chronic, occurs mainly on the face, but also appears in other areas exposed to the sun, and even on the scalp. They begin as red patches, flaking, often without local symptoms, which grow slowly, getting to its centre with the appearance of the scar and introducing a change of color to brown or white. There is the appearance of new lesions or worsening of already existing exposure to the sun. When they attack the scalp, can result in areas with scars and consequent permanent hair loss.
Systemic lupus erythematosus
Systemic lupus erythematosus or systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disease that can go years without manifesting itself. It has unknown cause, and there is the suspicion that genetic factors may be involved. The carrier of the disease presents skin lesions characteristics, fatigue, joint pain and swelling. There is still no cure for systemic lupus erythematosus, in spite of the several clinical studies that have been and are being conducted worldwide.
Treatment for systemic lupus erythematosus
The treatment for systemic lupus erythematosus depends on the type of symptom presented. It can be only local, on the skin, or general, with drugs that may be anti-inflammatory not steroids,such as ibuprofen, passing by corticoids and immunosuppressive drugs that inhibit immune response by oral or intravenous, up to transplantation of organs and bone marrow.
Guides you through the use of sunscreen. Everything will depend on the aggressive behavior and non-response to conventional methods. It is important to note that the methods of the current treatment and advances in research have allowed for a significant improvement in the quality of life of these people.