The Syndrome of Fregoli is a psychological disorder that leads the individual to believe that the people around you are capable of disguising themselves, changing their appearance, clothes, or gender, to impersonate other people. For example, a patient with the Syndrome of Fregoli may believe that your doctor is in reality one of their family members masked men that try to chase you.
The most frequent causes of this syndrome are psychiatric problems, such as schizophrenia, neurological diseases such as alzheimer’s, or brain injuries caused by strokes, for example.
In some cases, the Syndrome of Fregoli may be confused with Capgras Syndrome, due to the similarity of symptoms.
Symptoms of the Syndrome of Fregoli
The main symptom of the Syndrome of Fregoli is the fact that the patient believe in the change of appearance of the individuals around you. However, other symptoms may be:
- Hallucinations and delusions;
- Memory decrease visual;
- Inability to control behavior;
- Episodes of epilepsy or seizures
In the presence of these symptoms, the family should lead the individual to a query in a psychologist or psychiatrist, so that the physician can indicate the appropriate treatment.
The diagnosis of the Syndrome of Fregoli is usually done by a psychologist or psychiatrist, after observing the behavior of the patient and of the reports of family and friends.
Treatment for Syndrome of Fregoli
The treatment for the Syndrome of Fregoli can be done at home with the combination of antipsychotic remedies the oral, such as Thioridazine or Tiaprida, and remedies antidepressants, such as Fluoxetine or Venlafaxine, for example.
In addition, in cases of patients with seizures, the psychiatrist can also prescribe the use of medicines anti-epileptics, such as Gabapentin or Carbamazepine.