What Is Social Anxiety Disorder and How Is It Treated

What Is Social Anxiety Disorder and How Is It Treated

The disorder of social anxiety, also known as social phobia, this corresponds to the difficulty presented by the person to interact socially, to display a work in public or eating in front of other people, for example, for fear of being judged, feel humiliated, or that of other people notice their weaknesses.

Social anxiety can be quite disabling and interfere on professional performance and those related to social contact, which can lead to the development of other psychological disorders, such as severe depression and agoraphobia, that is fear to stay in locations opened, closed, or stay within a crowd, for example.

The treatment of the disorder of social anxiety must be done by a psychologist or psychiatrist that can indicate, depending on the degree of the disorder, the drug use anxiolytics to decrease the anxiety symptoms.

How to identify social anxiety disorder

The social anxiety disorder can be identified by means of the characteristics shown by the person, such as:

  • Difficulty to interact and talk with other people;
  • Fear of public speaking and on the phone;
  • Fear of eating in front of others;
  • Afraid to give his opinion on a particular subject;
  • Fear of walking or working in front of other people.


People with social anxiety are very much concerned with the evaluation of other people about you and, usually, avoid to speak or perform certain actions for fear of what others will think and afraid of feeling humiliated, that hinders your performance at work and in social relations. For this reason, often isolating themselves, getting others to various situations.

When the people who suffer with social anxiety disorder are, or if they feel exposed to situations that require a little more interaction, for example, appear some symptoms such as:

  • Increased heartbeat;
  • Increase of the respiratory frequency;
  • Face red;
  • Trembling;
  • Trembling voice;
  • Muscle tension;
  • Nausea;
  • Dizziness;
  • Excessive sweating.

The symptoms of anxiety and nervousness are normal when they arise, before or during a job interview or in a presentation. However, when the symptoms arise in various situations, especially when you’re near other people, it can be a sign of social anxiety disorder, and the person to seek psychological treatment. Learn to recognize other symptoms of anxiety.

How is it treated

The treatment for the disorder of social anxiety is mostly done with therapy sessions. The treatment performed by the psychologist or by the psychiatrist has as purpose to help the person discover the reason why it is unable to interact or to act in a natural way in front of other people and, thus, help them overcome these barriers so that the person does not feel so concerned about the possible opinion of other people.

The therapy is also important so that the negative thoughts which usually arise in the social anxiety disappear, causing the person to see things without too many concerns, improving the quality of life.


In addition, depending on the degree of social anxiety displayed by the person, it can be recommended to use medications to lessen the symptoms of anxiety, especially when the symptoms disrupt the quality of life of the person. See which are the remedies most indicated for anxiety.

Possible causes

The disorder of social anxiety is more common to appear in early childhood or in adolescence, however the treatment is only sought when there is the development of another disorder, such as difficulty learning, for example, which can make the treatment of this disorder a little more complicated.

This disorder can happen due to low self-esteem, parents overprotective, social rejection, fear of exposure or previous experience traumatic. These situations cause the person to lose confidence about themselves and doubt their ability to accomplish any task, not seeing its potential and, in this way, you are afraid that other people notice that she is not able to.

What Is Social Anxiety Disorder and How Is It Treated 1