Schizophrenia is a mental disorder in which a person loses full or partial contact with the objective reality, being that, these people often see, hear, and feel sensations that do not exist in reality.
The paranoid schizophrenia is the subtype of schizophrenia are more common, that is dominated by delusions of persecution or grandeur, that make often the person with a suspicious, aggressive and violent.
This disease has no cure but can be controlled with the monitoring of a psychiatrist and taking medicines.
What are the symptoms
People with paranoid schizophrenia are presented as the main symptoms:
- Believe that you are being persecuted or betrayed;
- Feel that if you have super powers;
- Have hallucinations, such as hearing voices or seeing something that is not real;
- Aggression, agitation, and a tendency to be violent.
Although these are the most common symptoms of this subtype of schizophrenia may occur, although less frequently, other symptoms, such as changes in memory, lack of concentration or social isolation, for example. Get to know other symptoms of schizophrenia.
No one knows for sure what causes schizophrenia, but it is thought that this is a disease influenced by genetic, that is hereditary. In addition, the use of drugs, the occurrence of viral infections, have parents with advanced age at the time in which occurred the pregnancy or to have been malnutrition during pregnancy are also factors that increase the risk of developing this disease.
There are also an increased risk of developing schizophrenia in people who have suffered psychological experiences negative, sexual abuse or some type of physical abuse.
What is the diagnosis
To diagnose schizophrenia, the psychiatrist evaluates a set of signs and symptoms presented by the person and, if considered necessary, may request tests such as computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging, for example, to exclude other diseases that can cause similar symptoms, such as brain tumor or dementia, for example.
How is it treated
The paranoid schizophrenia has no cure, but should be carried out a continuous treatment, to prevent exacerbations of the disease.
Usually, the person is accompanied by a psychiatrist, and may be integrated in a team composed of a psychologist, a social worker and nurse experts in schizophrenia, which may help to improve the quality of life of the person through psychotherapy, follow-up in the daily activities and offering support and information about the disease to families.
The medicines that are usually prescribed by the doctor are the antipsychotics, which help to control the symptoms of the disease. Those that are generally prescribed by the doctor are the second-generation antipsychotics because they have fewer side effects, as is the case with aripiprazole (Abilify), olanzapine (Zyprexa), paliperidona (Invega), quetiapine (Seroquel) or risperidone (Risperdal), for example.
However, in some cases, the doctor may prescribe antipsychotics first-generation, that although have more side effects at a neurological, they are much more inexpensive.