The anhedonia is characterized by a loss of satisfaction and interest in carrying out various activities, such as going out with friends, going to the cinema, walking on the beach, that were previously considered pleasant.
The anhedonia is a very common symptom in depressive states and some psychiatric illnesses, and the treatment usually consists of treating the cause that is in your source, which can be performed with psychotherapy or with antidepressant medications.
Types of anhedonia
The main types of anhedonia are the anhedonia social, which consists of a disinterest in contact with the society or to perform activities with other people and anhedonia physical, which consists in the inability to feel pleasure in the touch, close contact or eating, for example.
What are the symptoms
The most common symptoms that manifest in people with anhedonia are difficulty in relationship with other people, negative feelings in relation to oneself and to others, difficulty speaking with others or showing affection, difficulty in adapting to social situations, tendency to show false emotion, and loss of sexual appetite.
The anhedonia is one of the major symptoms of depression; however, not everyone who has depression, suffers from anhedonia. In addition, diseases such as schizophrenia, psychosis, Parkinson’s disease, anorexia nervosa, drug abuse and use of medications such as antidepressants and antipsychotics used for the treatment of depression, can also cause anhedonia.
Some risk factors can also lead to the development of anhedonia, such as the occurrence of traumatic events or stressors, history of abuse or neglect, diseases that have a major impact on the quality of life of the person, or an eating disorder.
How is it treated
The anhedonia has no cure, but can be very difficult to treat. Usually consists in the treatment of the disease is in its origin, such as depression or another psychiatric illness.
The first option is psychotherapy with a therapist who evaluates the psychological state of the person and, if necessary, forwards it to a psychiatrist, who may prescribe medications such as antidepressants or remedies directed to the psychiatric problem that the person has.
The medical monitoring should be done regularly, to identify potential side-effects caused by the medications and to adjust the dosage for best results.
Other treatments that can be used to treat anhedonia are the electroconvulsive therapy, transcranial magnetic stimulation and stimulation of the vagal nerve. Learn what is and how it is done electroconvulsive therapy.