What Is and What Causes Piromania

What Is and What Causes Piromania

The piromania is a psychological disorder in which the person has a tendency to cause fires, to feel pleasure and satisfaction in the process of preparation of the fire or to observe the results and damage caused by the fire. In addition, there are still people who like to set fire to observe all the confusion of firefighters and residents trying to fight the flames.

Although this disorder is more frequent in children and adolescents, to call to the attention of the parents or to revolt, can also happen in adulthood. However, while young people generally make the fires small at home, adults need stronger emotions, and can catch fire at home or in the forests, and result in a disaster.

To be considered piromania, the pyromaniac must not have any intention such as financial gain or need to hide a criminal activity, for example. In these cases cases, the process of fire is only considered a criminal offence, without any psychological disorder.


The main signs and symptoms

In the majority of cases it is quite difficult to identify a pyromaniac, but the signal is most often when the person is constantly related to the fire, without specific cause, even though he denies any involvement or seems to be present only to help.

In addition, someone with piromania also has a tendency to:

  • Constantly depressed;
  • Create conflicts with people close to them;
  • Show irritability easy.

Fires usually arise during periods of great stress, such as loss of employment, during a separation or a death in the family, for example.

What causes the piromania

The piromania is a disorder quite complex and, therefore, its causes are not yet known. However, there are some factors that seem to contribute to the development of piromania, such as having a lack of social skills, have the need of frequent attention or may not have had the parental supervision during childhood.

How to confirm the diagnosis

Since it is difficult to identify the symptoms of a pyromaniac, the doctor may also have difficulty identifying the disorder, especially if you are not the person to ask for help.


However, to be considered piromania there should be some criteria, that include:

  • Setting fires in a conscious way on more than one occasion;
  • Feel stress or emotional tension before cause the fire;
  • Show fascination or feel curious with everything that involves fire, such as the equipment of the fire and the destruction caused;
  • To feel relief or pleasure after setting the fire, or after observing the results;
  • Do not have other reasons to cause the fire, how to earn money from house insurance or to hide a crime.

During the attempt of diagnosis, the doctor may also suggest other disorders with similar symptoms such as Borderline personality, schizophrenia or anti-social personality.

How is it treated

The treatment for piromania should be appropriate to each person, according to the factors that may be in the development of the disorder. So, to start the treatment it is advised to consult a psychologist or a psychiatrist to do an interview with that person and to the family, to understand what may be at the base of the problem.

After the treatment is done with sessions of psychotherapy, which help the person to combat the problem that is at the basis of piromania, allowing you to identify other safer ways to healthy and release the stress accumulated.

Normally, the treatment is easier in children than in adults and, therefore, in addition to psychotherapy, adults may also need to take the anti-depressants, such as Citalopram or Fluoxetine, to decrease the symptoms and prevent the impulse, uncontrollable cause a fire.

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