Agoraphobia corresponds to the fear of being in unfamiliar environments, or that has the feeling of not being able to exit, as environments full, public transportation and cinema, for example. Even the idea of being in one of these environments can make a person become anxious and show symptoms similar to the syndrome of panic, such as dizziness, increased heart rate and shortness of breath.
This psychological disorder can be quite limiting and have a negative impact on the quality of life of the person, as it does not able to come to other places or to relax when you are in environments filled with, for example, the interaction with other people can be impaired, which can lead to the isolation of the person.
The treatment of agoraphobia is done through therapy sessions with a psychologist or psychiatrist, and aims to help the person confront the fear and anxiety, making it more secure and confident.
The main symptoms
The symptoms of agoraphobia appear when the person is in unfamiliar environments, or that will cause you anguish or fear of not being able to go out alone, such as shopping, cinema, public transport and restaurants full, for example. The main symptoms of agoraphobia are:
- Shortness of breath;
- Increased heartbeat;
- Excessive sweating;
People with agoraphobia tend to have low self-esteem, insecurity, feel anxious in any place that is not your own house, have fear of places that are very spacious and feel quite anxious and distressed with the possibility of being exposed again to the particular situation that stimulates their phobia.
According to the degree of the symptoms, the agoraphobia can be classified into three types:
- Agoraphobia lightweight, in that the person cannot drive long distances, able to go to the cinema, despite sitting in the runner, and avoids places that are too full, but still frequent the malls, for example;
- Agoraphobia moderate, in that the person can only go to places closer to home accompanied by another person, and avoid using public transport;
- Agoraphobia severe, that is the kind of agoraphobia more limiting, since, in this degree the person is unable to leave the house and feel anxious just by the fact of going somewhere.
Depending on the symptoms, the agoraphobia can be quite limiting and have a negative impact on the quality of life of the person. Therefore, if you notice symptoms characteristic of agoraphobia, it is important to go to a psychologist or psychiatrist to start the treatment.
How is it treated
The treatment of agoraphobia is done by a psychologist or psychiatrist based on the symptoms presented by the person.
The professional evaluates which leads the person to develop symptoms, if they are frequent, and the impact that these symptoms have on a person’s life. Thus helps the person confront the situations that cause him or her anxiety, so as to make the person feel more secure and confident. Can be recommended also to the practices activities for relaxing, such as yoga or meditation, for example.
Depending on the degree of the symptoms, the psychiatrist can indicate the use of drugs to control the symptoms and the person feels more relaxed in the face of certain situations.