Psoriasis on the nail, called the nail psoriasis, should be treated with topical medications such as nail polishes of clobetasol, which must be applied 2 times per week, or corticoids made on the basis of vitamin D, which are applied directly on the sores that can form on the tip of the fingers of the hands or feet.
In the most serious cases, in which the skin lesions reach other parts of the body, when the wounds in the hands and feet are larger, or when the local treatment does not bring results, the doctor may recommend the use of remedies to ingest that have an effect on the whole body, such as methotrexate, corticoids and immunosuppressive drugs.
Many times the nail psoriasis may be confused with ringworm, but psoriasis is not contagious, although very difficult to control also.
What to do to not aggravate the wounds
To not aggravate the wounds, should avoid the use of chemicals in the hands and of soaps, detergents, creams or perfumes that are not indicated by the doctor. An alternative is to use cotton gloves fine during manual work, because rubber gloves can irritate more the skin, being careful that the gloves are clean and are used for a short time.
It is also important to keep your hands dry, removing all moisture from the nails and fingers with disposable tissues after washing hands or after bathing. In addition, the nails should be kept short, using a cutter instead of scissors, and avoiding the use of sandpaper.
In the case of calluses or corners of nails, you should seek the help of the dermatologist or podiatrist to properly treat and prevent aggravation of the wound.
An alternative treatment for psoriasis is bathing in a tank with the fish garra-rufa, also called fish-doctor, which feeds the lesional skin of psoriasis, which stimulates the growth of a new layer of healthy skin.
This treatment is done in specialized clinics that create these fish, and each session lasts about 30 minutes. The frequency and number of sessions depends on the severity of the disease, and can be done daily or 1 time per week.
Food for psoriasis
To control the symptoms of psoriasis, you should avoid foods that increase inflammation, such as red meat, sausage and canned food, such as sausage, sausage, and bacon, and foods rich in peppers, and artificial preservatives.
In addition, it is important to increase the intake of fruits and vegetables and the products rich in omega-3, such as flaxseed, salmon, tuna, walnuts, and chestnuts. See more examples in: Diet for psoriasis.
The nail psoriasis may reach one or several nails, as well as can also manifest in the fingers and on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet, causing symptoms such as:
- Small depressions in the nails;
- Nails deformed and thick;
- Brittle nails and flaking;
- Loss of color, with the presence of white streaks or brown spots;
- Detachment of the nail;
The earliest symptoms of changes in the hands or feet, you should look for a dermatologist to start treatment, that will be more effective while the lesions are still small.