The treatment for Asperger’s Syndrome, consists of sessions of psychotherapy (1 to 2 times per week, with the goal to teach the patient to interact with others, and avoiding isolation.
The treatment must begin soon after diagnosis, which usually occurs between 4 and 14 years of age, although some cases are identified later, in adulthood.
Patients with Asperger Syndrome are generally intelligent but are thinking very logical and a little emotional, and it has a lot of difficulty relating with others, but when establishing a trust relationship with the child, the therapist can discuss and understand why some behaviors “strangers” helping to identify the most appropriate strategy for each case.
The importance of the family in the treatment of Asperger’s Syndrome
The family should know what is the strategy that the therapist is using to shape the behavior of the child, to be able to complete the treatment within the home. So, after each session of psychotherapy, parents can ask for directions to the psychologist about how to act and how to correct the child in certain situations.
What to do to help the child with Asperger Syndrome
Some examples of what parents and teachers can do to help you help the child or adolescent with Asperger Syndrome are:
- Orders are simple, short and clear to the child. For example: “Keep the puzzle inside the box, after playing around” and not: “Keep your toys, after playing”;
- Ask the child why the way you’re acting at the time of the action;
- Explain clearly and calmly that the attitude of “odd”, as to speak an obscenity or throw something at another person, it is unpleasant or is not acceptable by the other, so that the child does not repeat the error;
- Avoid judging the child for behaviors that it has, avoiding to call her evil, educated or dumb, for example.
In addition, the therapist may prescribe antidepressants, such as Nortriptyline or Sertraline, that help to decrease the symptoms of Asperger’s Syndrome and to facilitate psychotherapy.
In most cases, children with Asperger Syndrome exhibit odd behaviors, such as making loud noises while studying or tapping on the table while they eat, or behaviors little correct, how to play the role of bullet on the floor while they eat, however, these behaviors are not of purpose and the child has no notion of being ill-educated or bothering someone.
Usually, children with Asperger Syndrome are not able to focus your attention in more than one activity at the same time, and in regards to the feelings, the child, even though they know that is happy, is not able to understand that the other person might be sad. She does not “see” the feelings of others, and may give the impression that it is not concerned with the parents, siblings or friends.