The treatment for anxiety is made in accordance with the intensity of the symptoms and needs of each person, mainly involving the psychotherapy and use of medications, such as antidepressants or anti-anxiety drugs prescribed by the doctor, that act in the brain to reduce the symptoms of anxiety.
In addition, it is recommended that the person supplement the treatment with natural metrics, to carry out activities of type physical exercises, meditation, dance, yoga or tai chi, for example, as are strategies that help to reduce stress levels, increase body awareness and sense of relaxation, in addition to contributing to a healthier life.
Whenever the symptoms of anxiety are present, such as irritability, fear, unexplained, insomnia or lack of concentration, it is recommended to seek consultation with the doctor to confirmed the cause and treatment is initiated, since this disorder can cause several negative consequences such as higher chances of developing auto-immune diseases, psychiatric or cardiovascular disease, for example.
Psychotherapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy, guided by a psychologist, are important forms of treatment of anxiety. Many times, especially in the lighter cases, or initials, only these strategies may be sufficient to control and prevent the symptoms, without the need of remedies.
The interventions of psychotherapy are useful for encouraging the identification and resolution of distorted thinking, stimulation of self-knowledge and decrease emotional conflicts. Already cognitive behavioral therapy helps with activities and exercises that are important for controlling crises, the anxious and compulsive.
2. Treatment with medicines
The medicines recommended in the treatment of anxiety include:
- Antidepressants, such as Sertraline, Escitalopram, Paroxetine or Venlafaxine: are the drugs of first choice in the treatment of anxiety, as they are effective to control the symptoms by helping to restore the brain neurotransmitters that stimulate the mood and well-being;
- Anxiolytics, such as Diazepam, Clonazepam, Lorazepam: despite the fact that remedies very effective to calm, should not be used as first choice, as that cause risk of dependency and side effects such as drowsiness and falls;
- Beta-blockers, such as Atenolol, Pindolol, Propranolol: are drugs used to control blood pressure and heart rate and, although often used, are not very effective for treating anxiety. However, it can be recommended in episodes punctual, as a way of reducing symptoms related to anxiety, such as tremors that interferes with some activity.
For the use of these drugs, it is required the strict medical recommendation, it is important to the monitoring of the effects, the need for adjustment of doses and reactions side.
3. Natural treatments
To control anxiety there are many natural alternatives, used to complement the treatment, which can be very important to reduce the symptoms and decrease the need for medications.
Some effective options include physical exercises such as walking, swimming and dance, yoga, pilates, tai chi, because they provide relaxation and well-being. In addition, it is recommended to invest in leisure activities and hobbies, such as reading, painting, playing an instrument or listening to music, for example, because it helps to relieve the stress and worry.