The treatment for anorexia nervosa includes, primarily, group therapies, family, and behavioral, as well as diet custom and the intake of dietary supplements to combat nutritional deficiencies caused by illness that prevents the patient from eating properly.
In addition, it may be necessary to take remedies antidepressants, and in severe cases, it may be necessary to the hospital for placement of a nasogastric tube to ensure the correct power.
Diet for anorexia
The nutritional treatment for anorexia nervosa has as its goal to help the patient make appropriate food to maintain healthy body and avoid diseases.
During the treatment, it is carried out a dietary plan suited to the tastes and lifestyle of the patient, which may be necessary to the intake of supplements which do not fatten, but give the body with all the vitamins and minerals needed to be healthy.
Supplements for anorexia
The supplements that the doctor or dietician may indicate that they are multivitamins, such as Centrum, which help to replenish the vitamins and minerals. This type of medicine can be taken for about 3 months, and should be reevaluated the need to take after this period.
The supplements have no calories and therefore not gain weight, but should not be taken as a substitute for a healthy diet and with the amount of calories needed to recover health.
Antidepressants for anorexia
The doctor may recommend the intake of drugs against anxiety and depression, that increase the well-being for a certain period. These help to stabilize the mood, avoiding the relapses that can lead to the paranoias related to body image, which may compromise the success of the treatment. Check out the names of some drugs antidepressants.
Therapy for anorexia
Be accompanied by a psychologist is also important part of treatment to overcome anorexia because this professional can use strategies to raise awareness of body image correct, and help the person find the root of their problems and the possible solutions that you can adopt.
The queries should be performed at least 1 time per week, for an indefinite time, until the person reaches the ideal weight and be able to maintain stable and socially prepared for life.
How long does it take the treatment
The time of treatment against anorexia is very individual, because it depends on many factors, such as stage, general health of the person, mental health, and commitment to follow the guidance of the nutritionist, in addition to taking the medications appropriately, and actively participate in the sessions of psychotherapy.
It is normal to be some relapse, and the person to think of giving up the treatment because she thinks that is getting fatter too, and that will not be socially accepted, so all family and friends need patience.
Risks of anorexia
The risks of anorexia are mainly the development of diseases due to the lack of nutrients, such as anemia, osteoporosis, malnutrition, or scurvy, for example. When the patient has a severe malnutrition the risk of more serious diseases is greater, and may occur heart attack or cardiac arrest, which can be fatal.
Signs of improvement and worsening
Some signs of improvement in anorexia are: do not spend more than 3 and a half hours without eating, the hair and nails become stronger, skin more moisturized and beautiful, make the family meals and recovery of a healthy weight.
Already the signs of worsening anorexia are to continue doing prolonged periods of time without eating, not making the family meals, missing to therapy, and continue to lose weight, or even have lack of energy for daily activities like bathing.