The Syndrome of the broken heart, also known Cardiomyopathy of Takotsuba, it is a rare problem that causes similar symptoms to an infarction, such as chest pain, shortness of breath or fatigue, and that arises in periods of high emotional stress, such as during a separation or after the death of a family member, for example.
Usually, this syndrome arises in women with age close to 40 years but can appear at any age, affecting also men.
The Syndrome of the broken heart is usually considered a psychological illness, however, hemodynamic studies show that, during the Syndrome, the ventricles of the heart do not contract properly, resulting in an image similar to a broken heart.
Treatment for the Syndrome of the broken heart
The treatment for the Syndrome of the broken heart should be guided by a General Practitioner to the emergency room or a Cardiologist. There is also the need for a consultation with a psychologist, because that is required psychological help to allow the patient to grow beyond the trauma that is causing the accumulation of emotional stress.
However, in more severe cases, you may need hospital admission for treatment with remedies for the coraçãode order to prevent an acute myocardial infarction.
Generally, the treatment for the Syndrome of the broken heart is rapid and the patient may feel improvement of symptoms after 1 week. However, in cases where it is necessary to hospitalisation, the treatment can last for more than 2 months.
Causes of the Syndrome of the broken heart
The main causes of the Syndrome of broken heart include:
- Unexpected death of a family member or friend;
- Being diagnosed with a serious illness;
- Lose a large amount of money;
- Be separated from the loved one, through divorce, for example.
These situations cause an increase in the production of stress hormones in the body which can lead to contraction of some vessels, heart, lesando the heart.
In addition, there are also some drugs, such as Epinephrine,Dobutamine, Duloxetine or Venlafaxine, which can produce stress hormones and cause the Syndrome of the broken heart.
Symptoms of the Syndrome of the broken heart
The patient with Syndrome of the broken heart may present some symptoms, such as:
- Tightness in the chest;
- Difficulty breathing;
- Dizziness and vomiting;
- Loss of appetite, or pain in the stomach;
- Anger, deep sadness or depression;
- Difficulty sleeping
- Excessive fatigue;
- Loss of self-esteem, negative feelings or suicidal thoughts;
Typically, these symptoms arise after a situation of great stress, and may disappear without treatment. However, if the chest pain is very strong or the patient has difficulty breathing, it is recommended to go to the er for tests, such as electrocardiogram and blood tests, to evaluate the functioning of the heart.