Rheumatic fever, commonly called rheumatism in the blood, is a disease caused by an autoimmune reaction of the body after infections caused by bacteria.
This disease is most common in children between 5 and 15 years and usually generates symptoms such as pain and inflammation in the joints, as well as fever and tiredness. In addition, the rheumatism in the blood, can also affect the nervous system and even the heart valves, impairing the functioning of the heart.
The rheumatism the blood must be treated as soon as the first symptoms appear, to prevent the emergence of permanent damage in the brain or the heart, which can lead to complications such as stenosis of the valves in heart or heart failure, for example.
The main symptoms
One of the first symptoms of rheumatism in the blood is the presence of inflammation in a joint, that lasts 2 or 3 days, healing herself and then comes in another joint, and so on.
However, it can also be accompanied by other symptoms such as:
- Fever above 38 ° C;
- Small lumps under the skin;
- Pain in the chest;
- Red spots on the skin.
Depending on if it already exists, or not, your commitment, your heart may still be fatigue and increased heartbeat. Already if there is impairment of the brain, there may be behavioral change, such as crying and temper tantrums, and motor alterations, such as involuntary movements, or convulsions.
The most common cause of rheumatism in the blood is an infection of the throat caused by the bacteria Streptococcus pyogenes, which is a strep, beta-hemolytic of group A, which has not been promptly treated.
The initial frame is an infection in the throat in which the body creates antibodies to fight the bacteria, but which after, and not know why, these antibodies end up fighting the bacteria and the healthy joints of the body.
The individuals who have the HLA-B27 gene, which is the gene of rheumatism, you have a great likelihood of developing rheumatic diseases such as espondiloartrite, Reiter’s syndrome or ankylosing spondylitis, for example.
The gene of rheumatism may be present in 8% of the world’s population and is identified in a simple blood test, called a genetic test.
Although the presence of the gene of rheumatism indicate that the individual will most likely to develop rheumatic diseases, these should only be diagnosed in the adult life after the onset of the characteristic symptoms of each disease, and it may be that the individual reaches the end of life without presenting any rheumatic disease.
How to confirm the diagnosis
There is not a single examination that allows to definitively diagnose the rheumatism in the blood and, therefore, the doctor, in addition to evaluating the symptoms, you can ask for several tests such as electrocardiogram, echocardiogram and blood test, as the exam ASLO, for example. Learn what it is and how it is made the exam ASLO.
How is it treated
The main goal of treatment is to eliminate the bacteria that caused the initial infection to relieve the symptoms and reduce the inflammation of the body. For this, you may be given various remedies:
- Antibiotics, such as Penicillin: helps to eliminate bacteria remaining;
- Anti-inflammatory drugs, such as Naproxen or Diclofenac: relieve the inflammation and pain of the joints and can also relieve a fever;
- Anticonvulsants, such as Carbamazepine or Valproic Acid: decrease the appearance of involuntary movements.
- Corticoids, such as Cortisone: improve the heart involvement.
In addition, it is important to keep the home if the joint pain is very intense and drink a lot of water to help in the functioning of the immune system. Better understand how is made the treatment.