Somatization is a psychiatric disorder in which a person has multiple physical complaints, localized in various organs of the body, such as pain, diarrhea, tremors, and lack of air, but that are not explained by any disease or change the organic. Generally, a person with a psychosomatic illness is often at medical appointments or an emergency due to these symptoms, and the doctor usually have no difficulty in finding the cause.
This situation is also called a disorder of somatization, and is common in people anxious and depressed, therefore, the appropriate treatment is essential to psychotherapy, in addition to follow-up with the psychiatrist, which may indicate that medications such as antidepressants and anti-anxiety medications to help alleviate the problem.
Psychosomatic illnesses the most common
Each person can manifest physically their emotional stresses in different organs, and can mimic or worsen many diseases. The main examples are:
- Stomach: pain and burning in the stomach, feeling of nausea, worsening of gastritis and gastric ulcers;
- Intestines: diarrhea, constipation;
- Throat: sensation of lump in the throat, irritation easier constants in the throat and tonsils;
- Lungs: sensations of shortness of breath and suffocation, and may simulate pulmonary disease or cardiac disease;
- Muscles and joints: tension, contractures, and muscle aches;
- Heart and circulation: feeling of pain in the chest, which may even be confused with a heart attack, in addition to palpitations, emergence or worsening of high blood pressure;
- Kidneys and bladder: sense of pain or trouble passing urine, that can mimic urologic diseases;
- Skin: itching, burning or tingling;
- Intimate area: worsening impotence and decrease in sexual desire, difficulty becoming pregnant, and changes in menstrual cycle;
- Nervous system: seizures headache, migraine, changes in vision, balance, sensitivity (dormências, tingling) and motor, which can simulate neurological diseases.
The person with the disorder somatization may suffer for many months or years with these symptoms until they find the cause. Check out more of the symptoms that can arise in psychosomatic diseases.
In addition, there are diseases that can be triggered or pioradas by situations of stress, particularly inflammatory diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, or diseases such as fibromyalgia or irritable bowel syndrome, for example.
How to confirm
The diagnosis of a psychosomatic illness must be done by a psychiatrist, but a general practitioner or other specialist may point to this possibility, because they exclude the presence of other diseases through physical examination and laboratory tests.
The presence of the main symptoms can help you identify the problem, and are racing heart, tremors, dry mouth, feeling of shortness of breath and lump in the throat, and may be more or less intense according to the worsening or improvement of the emotional state of each person. To confirm this disorder, the doctor will identify in your assessment of the existence of at least 4 symptoms, the most common are gastrointestinal, the that mimic neurological diseases or that affect the intimate area.
What causes the psychosomatic illness
There are several situations that facilitate the development of somatization, such as depression, anxiety and stress. People like are the ones that suffer from situations such as:
- Wear professional and total workload of working exaggeratedaffect, mainly, the people who work with the public as teachers, salespeople and health professionals, but students and the unemployed can also suffer with these complications;
- Trauma in childhood or after key events, in addition to conflicts of family are some situations that can leave the person afraid and unmotivated to move forward;
- Situations of psychological violence and motivation, as happens in cases of domestic violence and bullying;
- A lot of anxiety and sadnessin people who do not share or talk about their problems.
Do not seek treatment for these situations, by difficulty in seeking help or because they feel that it is a normal situation, may worsen the symptoms or cause of physical diseases.
How is it treated
The treatment for these diseases may involve the use of medications such as analgesics, anti-inflammatories and anti-histamines to relieve your symptoms, however, it is important to follow-up from a psychologist or psychiatrist, to learn to control the emotions, and treat the true cause of the problem.
Antidepressants, such as sertraline or fluoxetine, and anti-anxiety medications, such as clonazepam, for example, prescribed by a psychiatrist, help to soothe and decrease anxiety, and sessions of psychotherapy are important to help in the resolution of internal conflicts.
Some measures are simple and natural can also help in dealing with emotional problems, how to take the teas calming chamomile and valerian, to take a vacation to rest your mind and try to solve one problem at a time. Do some type of physical exercise such as walking, running, yoga or pilates can also help promote well-being.