Overtraining, also known as the Syndrome of Adonis or Disorder Dismórfico Muscle, it is a psychological illness characterized by constant dissatisfaction with the body, in which the person sees himself very lean and weak when in fact it is strong and has muscles well developed, for example.
This disorder is more common happen in men between 18 and 35 years and leads to the practice of exhaustive physical exercises, always with increased load, in addition to excessive concern with power and the use of anabolic steroids, which can bring risks to the health. Learn what are the effects of the hormone in the body.
Symptoms of overtraining
The symptom most associated with the overtraining problem is the dissatisfaction with the own body. The person, despite being in shape, if you see very weak and slim, whereas your body is inappropriate. Other symptoms of overtraining are:
- Muscle pain persistent throughout the body;
- Tiredness to the extreme;
- Anorexia/ Diet very restrictive,
- Increased heart rate at rest;
- Minor performance during intimate contact;
- Feeling of inferiority.
Typically the vigoréticos adopt a diet too restrictive and do not consume fats, the diet strictly geared to the consumption of foods rich in proteins, with the goal to increase muscle mass. It is common, also, the excessive use of anabolic and protein supplements, in addition to spending hours in the gym, ever increasing the load of the exercises.
People with overtraining are always dissatisfied with the results, seeing himself always as a very thin and weak, although they are very strong and have muscles very well defined and developed. So, overtraining is considered to be a type of Obsessive Compulsive disorder and needs treatment.
The main causes
Overtraining is a psychological disorder whose occurrence is believed to be due to any change relating to the neurotransmitters of the central nervous system, since some cases of overtraining were preceded by diseases such as meningitis or encephalitis.
In addition to cause neurological, overtraining is also associated with the adoption, by many people, a standard of the body and, therefore, end up becoming obsessed with exercise and eating with the goal of reaching the body that they judge ideal. The excessive concern for healthy eating, known as ortorexia, it is also a psychological disorder and is characterized by the diet a little varied due to the excessive concern with the purity of the food and not the consumption of food of animal origin. Learn how to identify the ortorexia.
Consequences of overtraining
With the passing of time, overtraining lead to several consequences, mainly related to the frequent use and continuous hormones anabolic steroids and food supplements protein, such as renal failure or liver disease, circulation problems, anxiety, and depression, in addition to prostate cancer, and decrease of the testis, which can interfere with male fertility.
How is it treated
The treatment of overtraining is done by means of a multiprofessional team, as a doctor, psychologist, nutritionist and physical education professionals, for example. Psychotherapy is of the utmost importance in the treatment of overtraining, because it has a cmo’s objective is to allow the person to accept as it is and increase your self-esteem.
It is indicated also suspend the use of anabolic steroids and protein supplements and have a balanced diet guided by a nutritionist. In addition, it can be recommended to take drugs based on serotonin with the aim to control the depression and anxiety in addition to other symptoms related to the behavior in obsessive compulsive disorder. Understand what is and what is it for serotonin.
The practice of physical exercise should not be interrupted, however, must be done under the guidance of a physical education professional.