To understand if you are obsessed by eating healthy is necessary to notice the signs how to avoid eating outside the home and only consume organic foods. This obsession for healthy eating is called ortorexia nervosa, is an eating disorder where there is an exaggerated concern with the quality of the food.
The ortorexia can lead to health problems such as lack of vitamins and minerals, anemia, and hair loss, for example. This disorder should be treated with medical monitoring, and psychological, being important the support of family to identify and overcome this problem.
What is Ortorexia
The ortorexia is a type of eating disorder that arises when there is an excessive concern in relation to power, having as main characteristic the exaggerated search for eat always healthy. In addition, there is also a concern to always have food pure, without pesticides, contaminants, or products of animal origin.
This restriction of food is increased and the individual with this disorder end up having a diet somewhat varied, not consuming foods such as milk, meats, sugar, trans fat and processed, which can lead to weight loss and lack of vitamins and minerals.
Another characteristic of this syndrome is the concern exaggerates with the mode of preparation of food, taking care excessive to not add too much salt, sugar or fat, in addition to avoid eating outside the home.
Signs and Symptoms of Ortorexia
The main symptoms of the ortorexia are:
- Seek to know and follow the rules of healthy eating;
- Exclude foods, which are perceived as unclean, which are usually those that contain dyes, preservatives, trans fats, sugar and salt;
- Prefer organic products, by excluding from the diet food gmo and pesticides;
- Avoid eating outside the home, or bring your own food when you go out with your friends;
- Plan meals several days in advance;
- Exclude food groups from the diet, mainly meat, milk and derivatives, fats and carbohydrates.
This exaggerated preoccupation with food can lead to nutritional deficiencies, causing diseases such as anemia and osteopenia, which are the fragile bones in adults.
Diagnosis of ortorexia
The diagnosis of ortorexia is made by the doctor through a detailed assessment of the dietary habits of the patient to see if there are dietary restrictions, and excessive concern with food. It is also made a physical examination to check for signs of lack of nutrients, such as hair loss and brittle nails.
In addition to clinical assessment, it is also necessary to do blood tests to check for deficiencies of nutrients in the body, or health problems such as anemia.
Treatment of ortorexia
The treatment of ortorexia nervosa should be done with medical supervision, it also being necessary in some cases to the psychological. It is common to need to take nutritional supplements in cases where there are deficiencies in nutrients, such as vitamins and minerals, or the presence of diseases such as anemia.
In addition to medical monitoring, it is also essential to the support of the family to which the ortorexia to be identified and overcome, and that a healthy diet is made without putting at risk the health of the patient.
It is also important to remember that the ortorexia is different from overtraining, which is when there is a search excess through physical activity to have a body full of muscles.