General: According to Find Countries and Cities, two attempts to turn the island into a British penal colony (1788-1814 and 1825-1855) were eventually abandoned. In 1856, the island was repopulated by settlers from Pitcairn Island, descendants of the rebels from the Bounty and their Tahitian companions.
Location: Oceania, an island in the South Pacific, east of Australia.
Geographic coordinates: 29° 02′ S. latitude, 167° 57′ E
Reference map: Oceania.
Area: total: 34.6 km2; land surface area: 34.6 km2; water surface area: 0 km2
Comparative area: approximately 0.2 the area of Washington, DC.
Land borders: 0 km.
Coastline: 32 km.
Maritime claims: exclusive fishing rights zone: 200 nautical miles; territorial waters: 3 nautical miles.
Climate: subtropical, mild, slight seasonal temperature fluctuations.
Relief: of volcanic origin, mostly gentle hills.
Maximum and minimum heights: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m; highest point: Mount Bates 319 m.
Natural resources: fish.
Land use: arable land: 0%; cultivated land: 0%; pastures: 25%; forests and plantations: 0%; others: 75% (1993 est.).
Irrigated land: no data.
Natural hazards: typhoons (especially from May to July).
Current environmental issues: no data available.
International agreements on environmental protection:
Note to the section “Geography”:
Population: 1,879 people (July 2001 est.).
Age structure: up to 14 years: no data; from 15 to 64 years: no data; over 65 years: no data.
Population growth: -0.71% (2001 est.).
Fertility: no data.
Mortality: no data.
Migration: no data.
Child mortality: no data.
Life expectancy: for the general population: not available; men: no data; women: no data;
General birth rate: no data.
Proportion of the adult population infected with HIV: no data available.
Number of people infected with HIV: no data.
Mortality due to AIDS: no data available.
Nationality: noun: Norfolk Islander; adjective: pertaining to Norfolk Island.
Ethnic groups: descendants of the rebels from the ship “Bounty”, Australians, New Zealanders, Polynesians.
Believers: Anglicans 39%, Catholics 11.7%, United Church of Australia 16.4%, Seventh-day Adventists 4.4%, non-denominational 9.2%, unknown 16.9%, other 2.4% ( 1986).
Language(s): English (official), Norfolk mix of 18th century English and Old Tahitian- State Title:
Common long form: Territory of Norfolk Island;
Common short form: Norfolk Island. Dependency State: Territory of Australia; Canberra administers Norfolk Island through the Department of Environment, Sports and Territories.
State structure: no data.
Administrative division: none (territory of Australia).
Independence: None (Territory of Australia).
National holiday: Anniversary of the arrival of settlers from Pitcairn Island, June 8 (1856).
Constitution: Norfolk Island Act 1979
Legal system: based on Australian law, local rules and laws; English common law applies to matters not covered by either Australian or island law.
Suffrage: from 18 years old; universal.
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952) The UK and Australia are represented by Managing Director Anthony J. MESSNER (since 4 August 1997);
head of government: Assembly President and Chief Minister Ronald Coane NOBBS (since 23 February 2000);
Government: the executive council includes 4 of the 9 members of the Legislative Assembly; the council develops government policy and acts as an advisory body to the manager; elections: hereditary monarchy; the manager is appointed by the Governor General of Australia; the chief minister is elected by the Legislative Assembly for a term not exceeding three years; The last elections took place on February 23, 2000. (next expected in March 2003); election results: Ronald Coan NOBBS elected chief minister; percentage of votes in the Legislative Assembly: n/a.
Legislature: unicameral Legislative Assembly (9 seats; members are elected by electors who have nine equal votes each, but no more than four of them can be cast for one candidate; members are elected for 3 years); elections: last held 23 February 2000 (next expected in March 2003); election results: percentage of votes: no data; distribution of seats: independent 9.
Judiciary: Supreme Court; Court of “small sessions” (consideration of minor offenses by boards of justices of the peace).
Political parties and leaders: no.
Political influence groups and their leaders:
Participation in international organizations: no.
Diplomatic representation in the United States: none (territory of Australia).
US Diplomatic Mission: none (territory of Australia).
Flag Description: Three vertical stripes of green (near the hoist side), white and green with a large green Norfolk Island pine in the center of the white stripe which is slightly wider than the green stripes.
Economic Overview: Tourism, a major economic sector, has been growing steadily year after year and has provided unusually high levels of wealth for Pacific Islanders. The agricultural sector is self-sufficient in the production of beef, poultry and eggs.
GDP: at purchasing power parity – no data.
Real GDP growth rate: no data available.
GDP per capita: Purchasing power parity – no data available.
Composition of GDP by sectors of the economy: agriculture: no data; industry: no data; service sector: no data.
Proportion of the population below the poverty line: no data available.
Percentage distribution of household income or consumption: 10% of the poorest families: no data; by top 10% of households: no data.
Inflation rate at consumer prices: no data.
Labor force: 1,395 people (1991 est.).
Employment structure: tourism – no data, subsistence agriculture – no data.
Unemployment rate: no data.
Budget: revenues: $4.6 million; expenses: $4.8 million, including capital expenditures – NA (FY91-92).
Spheres of economy: tourism.
Growth in industrial production: no data available.
Electricity production: no data.
Sources of electricity generation: fossil fuel: no data; hydropower: no data; nuclear fuel: no data; others: no data.
Electricity consumption: no data.
Export of electricity: no data.
Electricity import: no data.
Agricultural products: Norfolk pine seeds, Kenthia palm seeds, cereals, vegetables, fruits; cattle, poultry.
Export: $1.5 million (free on board, FY 1991-92)
Exports: Postage stamps, Norfolk pine and Kenthia palm seeds, a small amount of avocados.
Export Partners: Australia, other Pacific Island States, New Zealand, Asia, Europe.
Import: $17.9 million (s.i.f., FY1991-92).
Import articles: no data.
Import partners: Australia, other Pacific island nations, New Zealand, Asia, Europe.
External debt: no data. Recipient of economic assistance: no data.
Economic aid donor:
Currency: Australian dollar.
Currency code: AUD.
Exchange rate: AUD / USD – 1.7995 (January 2001), 1.7173 (2000), 1.5497 (1999), 1.5888 (1998), 1.3439 (1997), 1.2773 (1996).
Fiscal year: July 1-June 30.
Telecommunications Telephone lines: 1087 (1983).
Mobile cell phones: 0 (1983).
Telephone system: internal: no data; international: radiotelephone connection with Sydney (Australia).
Broadcast stations: AM – 0, FM – 3, shortwave -0 (1998).
Radio receivers: 2,500 (1996).
Television broadcast stations: 1 (local station and 2 repeaters that receive Australian programs via satellite) (1998).
TVs: 1,200 (1996).
Internet country code: nf
Internet providers: 2 (2000).
Number of users: no data.
Transport Railways: 0 km.
Roads: total: 80 km; coated: 53 km; unpaved: 27 km.
Ports and harbours: none; cargo piers at Kingston and Cascade.
Merchant fleet: none (2000 est.).
Airports: 1 (2000 est.).
Airports with paved runways: total: 1; from 1524 to 2437 m: 1 (2000 est.).