According to the census of May 15, 1930, the population of Mexico is 16,530,771. with a density of 8 residents per sq. km, density higher than that of the major states of the two Americas, excluding the United States. And since in 1921 the population was 14,334,780 residents, In the period from 1921 to 1930 there was an absolute increase of about 2,070,000 individuals with an average annual percentage rate of 1.44 per thousand. In 1931 the Indians were 4,620,886 and the Whites with the mestizos constituted the largest mass with 9,040,590 souls, while the foreigners numbered 160,000 and another 140,000 are reported as of unknown origin. The contribution given by the various races to the overall population was evaluated very variously in the different eras, as is natural in a country with widespread crossbreeding. so strongly that a whole series of different terms is used to distinguish the various products of crossbreeding, from the real mestizo (son of a Spaniard and an Indian), to the mulatto (son of a Spaniard and a black woman), al zambo (son of a black and an Indian), to arrive at the 32 typical crossroads represented in the paintings preserved in the museum of Mexico. However, it seems that the most acceptable proportion is that of 15% for whites and Creoles, 55% for mestizos, and 30% for Indians. to arrive at the 32 typical intersections represented in the paintings preserved in the museum of Mexico. However, it seems that the most acceptable proportion is that of 15% for whites and Creoles, 55% for mestizos, and 30% for Indians. to arrive at the 32 typical intersections represented in the paintings preserved in the museum of Mexico. However, it seems that the most acceptable proportion is that of 15% for whites and Creoles, 55% for mestizos, and 30% for Indians.
On the number of Indians then the great discrepancy is due particularly to the fact that many of them use the Spanish language and therefore in some calculations are excluded from the number of indigenous peoples. In fact, according to the 1921 census, the speakers of Spanish were 10,582,604 (over 1,873,900 children under five), while only 1,820,844 individuals spoke indigenous languages. In 1921 there were 47,991 speakers of foreign languages and precisely 14,514 spoke the Chinese language, 13,570 spoke English, and 5420 spoke Arabic, to mention only the major groups.
Foreigners residing in Mexico in 1921 were 194,818, mostly Spaniards, Chinese, Guatemalans and Americans from the United States; the Italians, according to the census of Italians abroad in 1927, were 8300, but just 2289 according to official Mexican calculations. The population of black blood is very low, making up less than 1% of the total; in general, these are small groups from the Antilles, working in the mines or plantations of the warm zone or in sea ports.
The official language is Spanish, actually spoken throughout the vast area, with the exception of the very limited spaces where the use of indigenous languages still dominates.
Census. – According to 800zipcodes, the first official census in Mexico dates back to the years 1793-94, and was carried out by the viceroy Revilla Gigedo: the calculation gave the figure of 4,483,529 individuals for a territory that was then almost double the current one. The second calculation was made by Alexander of Humboldt in 1804, who estimated the population at 5,837,100 souls, of which one million and one hundred thousand whites (18% of the total) one million and a third (22%) of mestizos and three million and three quarters of Indians, therefore equal to 60% of the entire population.
Subsequent calculations indicated a continuous increase in the population and in 1854, after the conclusion of the ominous war with the United States, the population amounted, according to the Ministry of Foment, to 7,853,400 residents, While the general direction of statistics in 1888 he calculated it to be 11,490,830 individuals. The first official census was carried out in 1895 and registered 12,632,427 residents; the second took place in 1900 and gave 13,545,462 with an increase in the five-year period. of 913,035 units; the third census of 1910 reported a further increase in the decade of 1,614,907 souls.
From the census survey of 1921, carried out after the very turbulent period that followed the fall of the Díaz regime, the population of the republic was 14,334,780. with a decrease of 825,589 individuals, but the 1930 census shows the resumption of the rising population curve.
Leaving aside the various calculations prior to 1895, we see that between 1895 and 1930 the Mexican population recorded an overall increase of 3,771,603 with an average annual quota of just over 100,000 individuals; indeed rather scarce growth, and far from the upward pace not only of the United States, but also of Argentina and Brazil. Certainly the troubled political life and internal struggles often degenerated into civil wars did harm to Mexico: the Spanish epidemic which in 1918-19 claimed a large number of lives contributed to the decrease that occurred between 1910 and 1921, but the phenomenon is explained especially with the lack of strong immigration currents that gave massive contributions to the other countries of the two Americas and the existence instead of a notable emigration of Mexicans to the United States, especially to California, Arizona, New Mexico and Texas. In fact, it is estimated that no less than one and a half million Mexicans reside in the United States.
Italians to Mexico. – Among foreign immigrants in Mexico, the Italian colony in 1927, as mentioned, amounted to 8300 individuals, of which about 7000 in the consular district of Mexico, which includes most of the territory of the republic, just 800 in the consular district of Monterrey, and 500 in that of Veracruz. The main centers are found in the city of Mexico and in the Federal District, where there are also numerous schools and colleges, almost all of the Salesians of Don Bosco, where the Italian language is taught; in Mexico there is also a Dante Alighieri school, an Italian Fascio, some charitable companies, and an Italian Chamber of Commerce. The Italians are mostly laborers, farmers (particularly noteworthy is the agricultural colony of Chipilo, near Cholula, in the state of Puebla.