Juan de Nova Island General Information

General information: Named in honor of the famous Spanish navigator and discoverer of the 15th century, became the possession of France in 1897. According to i Type Job, Guano and phosphate reserves are being developed. Today, a small military garrison is stationed on the island, serving the meteorological station.


Location: South Africa, an island in the Mozambique Channel, about a third of the way from Madagascar to Mozambique.
Geographic coordinates: 17° 03′ S. latitude, 42° 45′ E
Reference map: Africa.
Area: total: 4.4 km2; land surface area: 4.4 km2; water surface area: 0 km2
Comparative area: about seven times the size of Mall Park in Washington, DC.
Land borders: 0 km.
Coastline: 24.1 km.
Maritime claims: neutral waters: 12 nautical miles; continental shelf: to a depth of 200 m or to the depth of field development; exclusive economic zone: 200 nautical miles; territorial waters: 12 nautical miles.
Climate: tropical.
Relief: low and flat.
Maximum and minimum heights: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m; highest point: unnamed point 10 m.
Natural resources: deposits of guano and other fertilizers.
Land use: arable land: 0%; cultivated land: 0%; pasture: 0%; forests and plantations: 90%; others: 10%.
Irrigated land: 0 sq. km. (1993).
Natural hazards: recurring cyclones.
Current environmental issues: no data.
International agreements on environmental protection:
Note to the section “Geography”: wildlife sanctuary.


Common long form: no;
Common short form: Juan de Nova Island; local long form: no; local short form: lie Juan de Nova. Dependency state: possession of France; administered by the High Commissioner of the Republic, who lives in Réunion.

Juan de Nova Island General Information