Israel’s seat of government is Jerusalem. The neighboring countries of Jerusalem are Syria, Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan and the Palestinian Territories. Almost 7.5 million people live in an area of 22,145 km². This results in a population density of 340.6 inhabitants per square kilometer.
Geography and population
Israel measures 135 kilometers at its widest point and 15 kilometers at its narrowest. Israel is 470 kilometers long from north to south. The four regions in which Israel can be divided are the Negev desert, the hilly landscape in the center, the Mediterranean coast and the Jordan valley. The Negev Desert covers an area of 12,000 square kilometers, more than half the area of Israel. This stretch of land begins in the north near the city of Beersheba and ends in the southernmost city in Israel, which is called Eilat.
Mount Hermon is the highest mountain in Israel, it is 2248 meters high. At 418 meters below sea level, the Dead Sea is the lowest point in Israel. Jerusalem has about 718,000 inhabitants. Other large cities in Israel are Tel Aviv with 390,300 inhabitants, Haifa with 269,300 inhabitants, Rischon le Tzion with 217,500 inhabitants, Ashdod with 200,800 inhabitants and Be´er Scheva with 184,800 inhabitants.
In Israel, people live the longest, meaning that life expectancy is 80.9 years for women and 76.7 years for men. Israel is divided into six districts, these are further divided into 15 sub-districts and these again into 50 regions. There are several major airports in Israel. The main one is the Ben Gurion Airport near Lod. Other airports are Atarot in Jerusalem, Sde-Dow in Tel Aviv, Haifa, Eilat, Owda and Machanajim.
Haifa has ferry connections to Cyprus, Greece and Italy. In addition to Haifa, important port cities are Ashdod and Eilat. Cruise ships occasionally dock there. Smaller ports are Ashkelon, Chadera and Tel Aviv.
According to findjobdescriptions, the Islamic Republic of Iran is one of the twenty most populous and largest countries in the world. The area is 1,648,195 square kilometers. Just over 74 million people live in the area. The population density is 44.9 people per km².
The capital of Iran is Tehran. There are two heads of state: a head of state de jure, that is the twelfth Iman Muhammad al-Mahdi. De facto is the supreme legal scholar Ajatollah Seyyed Ali Châmene. The head of government is President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
Seven countries border Iran. The longest border is with Iraq, it is 1,609 kilometers long. The border with Turkmenistan is 1,205 kilometers long, 978 kilometers is the length of the border with Pakistan, 945 kilometers is the border with Afghanistan, to Azerbaijan the border is 759 kilometers long, the border with Turkey is 511 kilometers long. The border with Armenia with a length of 48 kilometers is still missing.
The coastlines are 756 kilometers on the Caspian Sea and 2045 kilometers on the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf. A glacier-covered, extinct volcano, which rises to the north-east of the capital at 5,671 meters, is the highest mountain in Iran. His name is Damavand. The difference in altitude that has to be overcome to the Caspian Sea, 60 kilometers away, cannot be found anywhere else. Iran’s land area is 53 percent desert, 27 percent is pasture, 11 percent is forest and 9 percent is arable land.
Due to the different vegetation zones, the animal world is very diverse. Unfortunately, tigers and lions have been exterminated in Iran, but some leopards and cheetahs can still be found in remote areas. There are also half-donkeys and gazelles, wild goats and wild sheep. Three of the most important protected areas are the Touran Protected Area, the Kavir National Park and the Golestan National Park.
65 percent of the people living in Iran are Persians, 16 percent Azerbaijanis, 7 percent Kurds, 6 percent Luren, 2 percent Arabs, 2 percent Baluchis, 1 percent Turkmens and 1 percent minorities.
The Iraq is talking a republic in which one Arabic and Kurdish. 28,946,000 people live on 434,128 square kilometers. The population density is 66.7 people per km². The capital is called Baghdad and you pay with the Iraqi dinar.
A foothill of the Taurus Mountains, with a mountain range that is about 300 meters high, is in northeastern Iraq. The Gundah Zhur is the highest mountain in Iraq with a height of 3,607 meters.
The borders run over 1458 kilometers on Iran. There is a 814 km border with Saudi Arabia. The border with Syria is 605 kilometers long. There is 352 kilometers of border with Turkey, 240 kilometers with Kuwait and 181 kilometers with Jordan. In the Persian Gulf, Iran has a coastline 58 kilometers long.
In the north, the average temperatures are -6 degrees in winter and 47 degrees in summer.
Water supply through the Euphrates and Tigris
The rivers Euphrates and Tigris, which cross the country from northwest to southeast, are called lifelines. They represent the water supply for the population and agriculture. If the two rivers flood, water can be directed into three sinks, which lie west of Baghdad. They are called Wadi Tharthar, Al Habbania Lake and Razzaza Lake. The Euphrates and Tigris are rich in fish, leopards, antelopes, jackals, hyenas and gazelles live in Iraq. Lions and ostriches existed until the beginning of the 19th century.
The most densely populated provinces are Baghdad and Babylon. There are about 70 percent Arabs in Iraq, 22 percent are Kurds, 5 percent are Turkomans and the remaining three percent are Assyrians and Armenians.
Education rate in the country: illiteracy still well above average
Unfortunately, only 64.2 percent of women can read and write. The figure for men is 84.1 percent. That is far below the world average.