The treatment of attention deficit disorder and hyperactivity, known as ADHD, is done with the use of medications, behavioral therapy, or a combination thereof. In the presence of symptoms that indicate this type of disorder, it is important to consult with the pediatrician or the child psychiatrist, who can guide the best treatment for each child. See how to identify the symptoms of ADHD and make an online test.
In addition, for the treatment of ADHD children’s is effective, it is very important that parents and teachers are involved in the treatment, improving the environment in which the child lives, through the creation of a routine, the organization of the environment and activities provided at the right time.
The natural forms of the auxiliary in the treatment of this syndrome are the control of food, avoiding food rich in dyes, and sugars, such as lollipops, candies and gelatin, and a stimulus to the practice of physical activities, in addition to the realization of alternative therapies such as meditation and acupuncture, that are very useful to soothe and stimulate the concentration of the child.
The options of treatment for the hyperactive child, which include:
1. Treatment with medicines
The treatment for ADHD is done with medicines that promote a decrease in impulsivity, inattention and symptoms of movement, facilitating better social interaction and performance at school or work. The options include:
- Psychostimulants, such as Methylphenidate (Ritalin), are the first choice for the treatment;
- Antidepressants, such as Imipramine, Nortriptyline, Atomoxetine, Desipramine or Bupropion, for example;
- Antipsychotics, such as Thioridazine or Risperidone, for example, are useful only in specific cases for control of behavior, especially when there is mental retardation;
In the case of difficulties with the treatment, there are still other medications that can be used, such as Clonidine or Guanfacine, for example. The type of remedy, doses, and time of use are determined by the psychiatrist, according to the need of each child or adult.
2. Treatment with psychotherapy
The psychotherapy that is indicated for the treatment of ADHD is called Therapy Cognitive Behavioral, done by psychologists, and has a focus on support to changes in behavior and the creation of better habits, allowing a confrontation of the problems caused by ADHD, bringing motivation and autonomy.
In the course of treatment psychotherapy is also important to work with the entire social context of the child with this syndrome, involving parents and teachers for the maintenance of the guidelines in day-to-day, which are essential to help in maintaining focus and attention of the child.
3. Natural options
The alternative treatment for ADHD, which does not replace, but assist in the treatment of the person with ADHD, includes:
- Relaxation techniques and meditation, through yoga, acupuncture and shiatsu, for example, because they help control the symptoms of restlessness and improve concentration. Check out some natural options to help sootheand tips of how to help your child to sleep faster;
- Maintenance of a home environment organized, with rules, and that facilitate the development of the tasks and improve the concentration, since the environment is disorganized it can influence on the behavior of impulsivity, hyperactivity and inattention;
- Stimulus to the practice of physical activitiesis essential to reduce the hyperactivity, because it helps to spend energy and relax.
- Care with diet, avoiding foods rich in colouring, preservatives, sugars, and fat, which can worsen the behavior and impulsivity.
In addition, the treatment with a speech therapist is recommended in specific cases where there are, simultaneously, disorder of reading, known as dyslexia, or disorder of written expression, known as disortografia.
Guidelines for the family
The guidance for the family about attention deficit hyperactivity disorder are important to complete the treatment. Some of them are:
- Create regular times in the daily life of the child;
- Look in the eyes of the child when talking with her;
- To help organize the study site, removing materials that might distract;
- Offer a space of silence and calm for the child to sleep and study;
- Offer another activity when the child starts to become agitated;
- Divide the information and use less words to explain something.
In addition, it is important to promote the socialization of the child with other children, as a way of diminishing the symptoms of ADHD. Check out, also, some tips to teach the child to pay attention.