Psychosis post-partum or psychosis, post-partum is a psychiatric disorder that strikes some women after about 2 or 3 weeks of the birth.
This disease causes signs and symptoms such as mental confusion, nervousness, and weeping, excessive in addition to delusions and visions, and the treatment should be done in a psychiatric hospital, with supervision and the use of medication to control these symptoms.
Generally, it is caused due to hormonal changes that the woman presents in this period, but it is also very much influenced by the mix of feelings due to the changes with the arrival of the child, which can cause sadness and depression after childbirth.
How is it treated
The treatment for psychosis postpartum is done by the psychiatrist, with medicines according to the symptoms of each woman and can be with antidepressants, such as amitriptyline, or anticonvulsants, such as carbamazepine. In some cases, it may be necessary to carry out eletrochoques, which is electroconvulsive therapy, and psychotherapy can help women who have the psychosis associated with depression after childbirth. Learn more about what is depression postpartum.
Generally, it is necessary that the woman be admitted to the hospital in the first few days, until improvement, so there is no risk to your health nor the baby, but it is important that the contact be maintained, with supervised visits, so that we do not lose the bond with the baby. The support of family, it helps to care for the child, such as emotional support, is vital to help in the recovery of this disease, psychotherapy is also important to help the woman to understand the moment.
With the treatment, the woman can be healed and return to life as a baby and the family, however, if treatment is not immediately performed, it is possible that you have symptoms getting worse, to the point of completely losing awareness of reality and may put at risk your life and the life of the baby.
The time of arrival of child marks a period of much change, in that it mixes very feelings such as love, fear, insecurity, happiness and sadness. This large amount of feelings, associated with the change of hormones and the female body in this period, are important factors that trigger the outbreak of psychosis.
Thus, any woman can suffer from psychosis after childbirth, although there is greater risk in some women that worsen a depression postpartum, who already had a previous history of depression and bipolar disorder, or spend for the conflicts in the personal life or family, such as difficulties in the life of the professional, economic, and even having had an unplanned pregnancy.
What is the difference between psychosis, depression postpartum
Depression after childbirth is also true, generally, in the first month of the birth of the child, and consists of feelings such as sadness, melancholy, easy crying, discouragement, changes in sleep and appetite. Already the psychosis can have all of these symptoms, it may evolve from a depression, but in addition to that, the woman goes to having thoughts very inconsistent, feeling of persecution, toggle sadness and agitation, in addition to being able to have visions or hear voices.
Thus, in psychosis, the woman goes to to stay outside of reality, while in the depression, in spite of the symptoms, you are conscious of what is happening around you.
The main symptoms
The psychosis tends to arise in the first month after childbirth, but can also take more time to give signals. It can cause symptoms such as:
- Restlessness or agitation;
- A feeling of weakness intense and the inability to move around;
- Crying and lack of emotional control;
- Mental confusion;
- Talk to things without sense;
- Having obsession with someone or something;
- See figures or hear voices.
In addition, the mother can have feelings distorted in relation to reality and to the baby, ranging from love, indifference, confusion, anger, mistrust, and fear, and, in very severe cases, can even jeopardize the life of the child.
These symptoms may appear suddenly or go worse gradually, but if you should seek help so that if you notice your appearance, because, as before the treatment, the greater the chances of healing and recovery of the woman.