The treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder, known as OCD, is done with the use of remedies antidepressants, conducting cognitive-behavioral therapy, or a combination of both. Although not always cure the disease, this treatment is able to well control the symptoms in the majority of cases, improving the quality of life of the person who has to live with this problem.
The person who has symptoms that indicate this disorder as a compulsion or obsession with cleanliness, symmetry, repetitive behavior or an excess of superstition, for example, should seek consultation with a psychiatrist for proper evaluation, diagnosis, and, thus, an indication of the most appropriate treatment.
Drugs most used
The medicines that are commonly used for the treatment of OCD, both adults as children, are antidepressants, guided by the psychiatrist. Some of the more commonly used include:
These remedies should be used daily and its effect can take up to about 6 to 12 weeks to take effect and, therefore, every 4 to 8 weeks of treatment, the psychiatrist may make revaluations-and to consider the need to increase the dose.
Some people may need higher doses of the drugs, which cause a greater chance of side effects which may include nausea, dizziness and drowsiness. If the effects are very intense, it is necessary to talk with the doctor to evaluate the possibility of exchange of the medicine.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy, or CBT, is an approach to psychotherapy more indicated for the treatment of OCD, and it is fundamental to reduce the crises of anxiety and control the behavior caused by the disease.
This therapy is characterized by exposing the person with OCD, the factors that cause fear and lead to have obsessive behaviours. Thus, the patient learns to cope with his behaviors and decrease the episodes of compulsion and obsession.
The sessions in this therapy last about 30 minutes, but the patient should keep the in-home therapy, setting goals daily with the psychologist. So the family can support this treatment, being the person in the house.
Treatment options natural
Some excellent forms of natural treatment, which does not replace the treatment directed by the physician, but they help control the symptoms of anxiety, which worsen the disease, are relaxation therapies that involve breathing techniques, meditation, yoga, shiatsu, reiki, and acupuncture, for example.
In addition, the practice of regular physical activities, like walking, is an excellent ally for the reduction of stress and anxiety.
Have to pay attention to the diet is important, because there are foods with properties that help to control the anxiety and increase the feeling of well-being, such as peanut, banana, oats, and the tea of the leaf of the passion fruit, for example.