The post-traumatic stress disorder is a psychological disorder that causes excessive fear after situations very shocking, scary, or dangerous, such as participating in a war, be kidnapped, robbed or suffer from domestic violence, for example. In addition, in some cases, the disorder can also happen due to a sudden change in life, such as losing someone very close.
Although fear is a normal reaction of the body during and shortly after situations of this type, the stress-post traumatic stress disorder causes a constant fear during daily activities, like going shopping or being at home alone watching tv, even when there is no apparent danger.
To identify if someone is with stress post traumatic stress disorder it is important to be mindful of the various types of symptoms, which include:
- Symptoms of vivenciamento
- Having memories intense about the situation, that cause increased heart rate and excessive sweating;
- To be constantly with thoughts of frightening;
- Have nightmares frequently.
This type of symptoms can arise after a feeling specific or after you see an object or hear a word that was related to the traumatic situation.
- Symptoms of agitation
- Feel often tense or nervous;
- Having difficulty sleeping;
- Be easily startled;
- Have outbursts of anger.
These symptoms are frequent, it is not being caused by any specific situation and, therefore, can affect many some basic activities such as sleeping or concentrating on a task.
- Symptoms of avoidance
- Avoid going in places that remind you of the traumatic situation;
- Do not use objects that are related to the traumatic event;
- Avoid thinking or talking about what happened during the event.
Generally, this type of symptoms causes changes in the daily routine of the person, that you no longer do activities that I did before, how to use the bus or the elevator, for example.
- Symptoms of mood changes
- Have trouble remembering various moments of the traumatic situation;
- Feel less interest in enjoyable activities, like going on the beach or hanging out with friends;
- Have feelings distorted as you feel guilty for what happened;
- To have negative thoughts about yourself.
Cognitive symptoms and mood although are common in almost all cases soon after the trauma, disappear after a few weeks, and should only be of concern when worsen over time.
How to confirm the diagnosis
To confirm the existence of stress post traumatic stress disorder is recommended to consult a psychologist, to clarify the symptoms and start the appropriate treatment, if necessary.
However, it is possible to suspect this disorder when, over a month arises, at least 1 symptom of vivenciamento and avoidance, as well as 2 symptoms of agitation and mood.
How is it treated
The treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder should always be supervised and evaluated by a psychologist or psychiatrist, as they need to be constantly adapted to help each person to overcome their fears and relieve the symptoms that arise.
In most cases, the treatment is started with sessions of psychotherapy, in which the psychologist, through conversations and educational activities, helps you discover and overcome the fears developed during the traumatic event.
However, it may still be necessary to resort to a psychiatrist to start the use of antidepressant medications or anxiolytics, for example, that help relieve the faster the symptoms of fear, anxiety, and anger during the treatment, facilitate psychotherapy.
If you have a situation very stressful and it is often with fear or anxiety, this may not mean that you are with post-traumatic stress disorder.