Claustrophobia is a psychological disorder characterized by the inability of the person to stay much time in closed environments or with little air circulation, such as lifts, trains crowded or closed meeting rooms, which can lead to the emergence of other psychological disorders, such as agoraphobia, for example. Learn more about the agoraphobia.
This phobia can lead to symptoms such as shortness of breath, dry mouth, increased heart rate and feelings of fear, and it can happen in children, young adults, adults or the elderly, without distinction of social class, and should be treated with mediation sessions and psychotherapy.
Symptoms of claustrophobia
Claustrophobia is characterized mainly by feelings of fear, anguish and anxiety when the person is indoors or uncomfortable, or even when they imagine themselves in such a situation. The main of claustrophobia are:
- Dry mouth;
- Fear and anguish.
The person believes that the walls are moving, the ceiling lowering and the space decreasing, for example, stimulating the emergence of symptoms. The symptoms of claustrophobia can also lead to excessive worry and constant related to fear, and that phobia evolve into generalized anxiety disorder.
Treatment for claustrophobia
The treatment for claustrophobia can be done through sessions of psychotherapy which can sometimes be associated with the use of drugs anti-anxiety drugs and antidepressants that may help lessen the symptoms of the phobia and the risk of developing a depression, as is the habit of these individuals isolate themselves from the world in locations that they find to be safe as the own room.
The treatment is time-consuming, but achieves good results, and so the claustrophobia has control, which can only be achieved when the treatment is followed correctly. The sessions of psychotherapy are fundamental, since they have as aim to explain directly or indirectly the person to the situations in which they feel scared, anxious and distressed, causing it to face the fear and start to feel better in the face of these situations.