Second World War 1
Africa Asia Europe North America

Second World War Part I

Second World War, global war, based on National Socialist Germany, in the years 1939–45. Prehistory The political order of Europe and East Asia created after the First World War, which was based on the economic and power-political preponderance of the victorious powers Great Britain, France and the USA as well as the extensive isolation of […]

Second World War 3
Africa Asia Europe North America

Second World War Part III

The Second World War was a global war, starting with National Socialist Germany in the years 1939–45. The Second World War (1939–45) came about through Adolf Hitler’s criminal expansion policy, which was aimed at eliminating the “dictate of Versailles” and gaining “living space in the east”. Germany’s allies were Italy and Japan (»axis« Berlin – […]

The End of the Second World War in Europe in 1945
Europe

The End of the Second World War in Europe in 1945

The Soviet advance into Germany: The Ardennes offensive and the subsequent fighting on Lake Balaton had used up the last operational reserves of the Wehrmacht. On January 12, 1945, starting from the Baranów bridgehead, a major Soviet offensive began, which encompassed the entire area from the Carpathian Mountains to the Memel and which quickly led […]

The Second World War in Europe and North Africa 2
Africa Europe

The Second World War in Europe and North Africa Part II

In response to the events in North Africa, Hitler ordered the construction of a German-Italian bridgehead in Tunisia (from November 9, 1942), the invasion of the previously unoccupied southern France (from November 11), and the occupation of the initially unoccupied port of Toulon (November 27th) – the majority of the French warships sank themselves in […]

The Second World War in Europe and North Africa 1
Africa Europe

The Second World War in Europe and North Africa Part I

Strategic plans of the anti-Hitler coalition: After the USA entered the war, the United States and Great Britain joined forces in close strategic planning and warfare. At Churchill’s first stay in Washington, D. C. (December 22, 1941 to January 14, 1942), the body of the “Combined Chiefs of Staff” was created, a joint body of […]

The Expansion to Second World War 1941 3
Europe

The Expansion to Second World War 1941 Part III

In January and February 1942, Soviet troops advanced north of Smolensk and west to Velikiye Luki. In Army Group North, the 16th Army, which reached Tikhvin on November 8, had to retreat behind the Volkhov in mid-December. In the south, Soviet troops were able to take the Kerch peninsula again at the end of December […]

The Expansion to Second World War 1941 2
Europe

The Expansion to Second World War 1941 Part II

The Finns under Marshal C.-G. von Mannerheim conquered Vyborg (August 29, 1941) and the Karelian Isthmus and advanced in East Karelia to the Swir and Onega Lakes and from central Finland with German troops against the Murman Railway. In the Kessel Battle near Kiev (September 1941), a large part of the Soviet troops commanded by […]