Treatment for anxiety can be done with psychotherapy and/or medications that can help decrease characteristic symptoms, such as anxiolytics, antidepressants or beta-blockers, for example, that should only be used if they are appointed by the general practitioner or psychiatrist. In addition, they can also be used remedies natural herbal-based passionflower, valerian, chamomile or st. john’s wort, which help to relieve the symptoms.
Anxiety is a psychological state that precedes moments of danger, and when it occurs in excess ends up creating a state of alert and fear the constants that affect the tranquility and cause body sensations unpleasant, such as rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath, excessive sweating, body aches, and abdominal discomfort.
The main remedies
In the presence of signs and symptoms that indicate anxiety, it is important to seek assistance of a psychologist or psychiatrist, to be identified and their causes and indicated the best forms of treatment, which should begin by the realization of psychotherapy, and only if necessary to resort to medicines.
There are a variety of medications that can be used to treat anxiety, which will depend on the type of anxiety disorder that the person has, or the presence or not of other mental or physical disorders.
Some examples of remedies from the pharmacy for anxiety are:
Some types of antidepressants may help to control the anxiety, even though people do not display symptoms of depression. Studies have shown that when people are going through anxiety issues, some changes occur in the neurotransmitters of the brain, such as serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine.
At the beginning of the treatment with these drugs, it is important to take into consideration that the beginning of the action anxiolytic is gradual. Examples of antidepressants used in the treatment of anxiety are the imipramine, sertraline, paroxetine or venlafaxine, for example.
Also called tranquilizers or anti-anxiety drugs this class of medications is often prescribed in cases of anxiety for a short period of time. These remedies help the person to relax and reduce tension, but are not recommended for a prolonged use, due to their additive effects, and by reducing the alert status and affect coordination.
Examples of benzodiazepines used in the treatment of anxiety are the lorazapam, bromazepam, diazepam or clonazepam, for example.
To Buspirone belongs to a class of active substances, anxiolytic, azapironas, that does not entail a risk of abuse, dependence or abstinence, nor interact with other medicines hypnotics, or alcohol. In addition, this substance also does not display sedation or changes in the level of psychomotor.
Although they have lower efficacy in relation to the medications previously described, the beta-blockers can be useful in people with somatic symptoms intense. These medicine have action peripheral, reducing the influence of the perception of somatic symptoms peripheral devices, such as tremors and rapid heartbeat in the cognitive symptoms of anxiety.
An advantage of β-blockers in relation to benzodiazepines is the lower incidence of cognitive impairments. Examples of beta-blockers used in anxiety are propranolol, and oxprenolol, and nadolol.
Although they are less used, there are some antihistamines that also have good results in the treatment of anxiety. Among them, the most used is hydroxyzine, an antagonist of H1.
Options natural remedies for anxiety
Some of the main natural ways to control anxiety include:
- Increase the consumption of foods rich in nutrients such as magnesium, omega-3, fiber and tryptophan, such as banana and chocolate, for example. See more food;
- Practice the physical exercises of low intensity such as brisk walking, pilates or yoga. See other ways to calm the mind with exercises;
- Use home remedies, such as passion fruit juice, vitamin banana, tea from the leaves of passion fruit, tea, broccoli, tea of lemon balm, or melissa, herbal tea with saint john or st. john’s wort, for example, because they are rich in active principles, calming and anti-anxiety medications.
In addition, it is also recommended to invest in methods of relaxation, such as meditation, conversations with friends, or breathing techniques, for example, which will help in the control of symptoms. Check out, also, other tips to help control the anxiety.